Wikipedia's List of fallacies

“A fallacy is incorrect argumentation in logic and rhetoric resulting in a lack of validity, or more generally, a lack of soundness.”

Wikipedia's List of cognitive biases

“Cognitive bias is a general term that is used to describe many distortions in the human mind that are difficult to eliminate and that lead to perceptual distortion, inaccurate judgment, or illogical interpretation.”

Wikipedia's Heuristic

“Heuristics refers to experience-based techniques for problem solving, learning, and discovery.”